Water Pollution

In France, drinking water testing uncovered that 3 million people were drinking water whose quality did not meet WHO standards, and 97% of groundwater samples did not meet standards for nitrate in the same study.
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80 percent of urban sewage discharged into the Mediterranean Sea is untreated.
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In the past several decades over four hundred wells have been drilled in Italy. Even when these wells are drilled correctly and don’t pollute the groundwater, they still put a lot of strain on the amount of water available in this area, which in turn affects drinking water sources throughout the region.
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Italy is home to half of Europe’s species of plants and a third of the animal species that call this continent home. Of all of these plants and animals, a huge number are threatened, endangered, or disappearing altogether, largely due to water pollution and a strain on water supplies across the country. 31% of vertebrate animal species in Italy are threatened, while 22% of lower plants and 15% of higher plants are suffering the same fate.
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In 2013, the total amount of municipal waste disposed of across Italy (in water) clocked in at 29.6 million tons.This comes in at around 487 kilograms of waste per person. 37% of this waste was disposed of in landfills. However, Italy is making good strides toward recycling and composting, because 39% of this waste was sent to centers focusing on recycling, reclaiming, and composting.
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One of Italy’s other water pollution contributions comes from more frequent natural disasters than many other countries face.
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A 2015 study by an ecological organization called Ecologists in Action shows that Spain has lost 20% of its freshwater sources in the past twenty years.
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Spain has the highest number of dams per capita of any country in the world, coming in at about thirty dams per every million residents of the country. Despite this, the demand for water in most areas of Spain increases every year by about 13% on average. This puts a significant strain on the existing freshwater sources, even when they’re dammed and regulated for residential use.
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Over 80% of the water used in Spain every year goes to the agricultural industry. As in many other countries, however, this industry contributes the most to water pollution, so there’s an endless loop of water use and contamination present in this sector.
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33% of the freshwater rivers in Spain are very contaminated and polluted.
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At least 45% of Spanish water pumped every year is done so illegally, using wells that are not operating under water regulations.
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85% of water used annually throughout Greece goes to old-fashioned agricultural practices that have yet to be modernized or updated, and irrigation is one of the biggest culprits.
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In Germany, a 2011 study showed that freshwater sources throughout the country were polluted with 331 different types of organic pollutants, including bacteria, sediment, and poisonous natural substances like lead and arsenic.
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A 2014 study in France determined that 1.5 million people are serviced by tap water that can be considered polluted.
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One of the leading causes of water pollution in France comes from algal blooms on the beaches of Brittany.
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In 2015, Scottish Water was named as one of the biggest offenders in terms of water pollution in Scotland.
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Pollution from toxic runoff and groundwater contamination in Scotland currently affects 25% of rivers in the country and 17% of lochs.
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