Facts and Statistics
Ministry of Water and Electricity (MOWE) has restructured the water sector and prepared a National Water Strategy (NWS) to be used as a roadmap towards sustainable water usage.
The backbone of the NWS is water sustainability which starts by considering non-renewable groundwater as a strategic resource that must be protected for future generations. Thus, it is imperative to promote the efficient usage of water that will generate the maximum economic benefits along with the other major sectors of oil, land, labour, and capital.
As a result, the KSA Council of Ministers has introduced a resolution (KSA 2007; Al-Hussayen 2007) that enforces a more orderly use of water resources, removes the incentives for wheat and fodder production and establishes mechanisms for better control and protection of all water resources. Consequently, the KSA government has mounted a national campaign for residential water conservation with the following objectives:
Identifying the current and future water situation and emphasizing on the importance of conservation for sustainability;
Taking practical measures and adopting a clear and direct approach to inform and educate the public about conservation and addressing all sections of society;
Highlighting the Kingdom’s high per capita consumption and the low tariff paid by consumers for water compared to other countries.
Acquainting the public with the conservation tools and encouraging them to use them.
In an effort to achieve the objectives of the national campaign, the NWS has introduced a four-stage program of free distribution of water conservation tools. The first three stages targeted the residential sector, government/public sectors, and private sector. Moreover, the fourth stage is aimed at the distribution of water saving showerheads at nominal prices (MOWE 2012).
Parallel with the introduction effort, the government has mounted a widespread media campaign to increase the awareness of the public regarding water conservation. Also, a woman’s permanent exhibition for water conservation has been established. The aim of the exhibition is to convey the message of the necessity for water conservation to the women in the Kingdom. Documentary films on water conservation have been screened and practical demonstrations of conservation tools held.
A women’s symposium on water conservation was organized on November 22, 2005 (MOWE 2012). The symposium received considerable media coverage and public recognition.