Water Pollution facts and Statistics

Water pollution has ruined some of the food sources of Israel. Sewage, polluted water, and chemical waste are continuously being dumped into the Mediterranean Sea.
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In Haifa harbor, the fish have been deemed unconsumable due to high levels of mercury found in the fish.
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The population of Israel collectively produces around 507 MCM/yr of sewage, of which 468 MCM/yr is treated and 400 MCM/yr is reused for irrigation.
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30% of the wells in Israel are closed due to industrial pollution, almost all of then located on the Coastal aquifer.
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Overpumping of water from the coastal aquifer has caused a steep reduction in its water level and, as a result, sea water has penetrated into it causing it to become salinated over a 4 km wide belt leading to the closing of many wells. Pollutants are accumulating within the aquifer and wells are being shut down because they contain too much salt, nitrates from fertilizers and heavy metals from sludge.
About 10 per cent of the coastal aquifer already exceeds the national limit for chloride salts and by 2010, if pumping continues, 20 per cent of the water will exceed the limit.
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The lutra, a cousin of the otter found in lakes and rivers throughout Northern Israel, is in danger of extinction.
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Industrial waste from factories in the Rotem Plain has been leaching into groundwater near Ein Bokek Nature Reserve for almost two decades. Ein Bokek is one of the most important reserves in Israel, hosting a myriad species of animals and plants.
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Scientists believe that exposure to toxins present in water such as lead, mercury and pesticides could account for 25 percent of an increase in autism in Israel.
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The quality of supplied water in Israel varies from very low salinity water (10 mg/l of chlorides) from the Upper Jordan River, 200 mg/l from the Kinneret, and more than 1500 mg/l from groundwater sources in the south.
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Israel ranks 88th out of 122 selected countries in terms of water quality, according to the 2003 United Nations World Water Development Report.
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Israel ranks 88th out of 122 selected countries in terms of water quality, according to the 2003 United Nations World Water Development Report.
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